Rabies is a fatal viral infection that is spread via the saliva of infected animals to humans. This is from the bite or scratch most commonly from a dog, other animals such as bats, cats and monkeys are also a source.
Currently there is no effective treatment once clinical signs develop.
Vaccination should be considered by all travellers to endemic areas.
3 doses 0, 7 and 21/28 days.
If time is short a rapid schedule can be given to adults aged 18 years+ at 0, 3 and 7 days. If the rapid schedule is given a 4th dose is required to complete the course after 1 year for those at continued risk.
Routine boosters following a complete course for travellers is not normally required but may be considered after 5 years for those at high risk.
For those at frequent or continuous exposure blood testing and boosters may be required earlier.
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